Oya-Bebilla-Turkish-Armenian-Mediterranean knotted needlelace


Oya-Bebilla-Turkish-Armenian-Mediterranean knotted needlelace

For all our members who want to talk about and learn Oya, Bebilla, igne oyalari, Turkish, Armenian janyak, Mediterranean, or Kene knotted lace.  As far as we can tell the knotted buttonhole stitch is the same, but style (design) varies, as well as the kinds of objects that are typical.

Members: 123
Latest Activity: Jan 1

Books and Resources for Oya/Turkish/Armenian/Bulgarian Needlelace


Armenian Lace by Nouvart Tashjian, republication of 1923 Book The Priscilla Book of Armenian Needlepoint Lace

Knotted Lace In The Eastern Mediterranean Tradition by Elena Dickson, 1992, ISBN 1863511210
Mediterranean Knotted Lace by Elena Dickson, 2005, ISBN 1863513469  It has new designs in it. Soft cover.

Elena Dickson Bibilla Knotted Lace Flowers,  (Milner Craft Series)

Elena Dickson, "The art of Making Knotted Lace",  a DVD Published by Fleetwood Audio-Visual, Elena is the sole distributer.  Holly Van Sciver has some  for sale in the U.S.  The DVD teaches all the techniques for making knotted lace and I demonstrate how to work all the techniques used in my first two books.  The techniques for making Bibilla are the same apart from the double and reverse knots. Using the DVD in conjunction with her Bibilla book, the flowers should be easy to learn. If anyone wants a copy they can contact me on elena.dickson@optusnet.com.au. Make sure that the subject has the word lace in it otherwise I won't open and delete unknown addresses.  "...

Armenian Needlelace and Embroidery by Alice Kasparian, 1983, ISBN 0914440659

Oya Culture since the Ottomans by Taciser Onuk, 2000, 2005, ISBN: 9751724511 It shows how to make the little flowers that decorate the scarves, in Turkish and English
Igne Oyalari (Needleworks)/ Igne Oyalari Cesitleri ve Isleme Yontemleri/ Kinds of Oyas and Embroidery Techniques, by Taciser Onuk, 1980, 1981, 2nd ed 1988, ISBN 975-458-008-01
Igne Oyalari published by Ondori , 2008, with clear visuals, all Japanese, ISBN 9784277311663

Turk Oyalari Katalogu (Turkish Lace Works - Oya - Catalogue) Volume I (I.Cilt). -- Crochet Lace Works (Oya) with Beads, Ankara, 2001. ISBN: 975-17-2020-6 Volume 2(II.Cilt). -- Needle Works, Lace Works with Different Techniques and Materials, Ankara 2001. ISBN: 975-17-2020-6. Color catalogs, no instructions; in Turkish and English
Davtyan, Serig, Armenian Lace (in Armenian with English and Russian summary), Erevan, 1966.
Davtyan, Serig, Armenian Embroidery (in Armenian with English and Russian summary), Erevan, 1972.
Davtyan, Serig, The Embroidery of Marash (in Armenian with English and Russian summary), Erevan, 1974.

Priscilla Armenian Lace Book, online, published 1923 and therefore legal.


For good annotated lists of printed resources about Oya and Mediterranean knotted laces look at the bottom of each of these pages:


Dickson, Kasparian & Tashjian are available from Holly Van Sciver.  All three of the books being sold by Holly van Sciver are really good, but only the Tashjian and Kasparian ones have much info specifically about Bibilla/Bebilla style Oya (Oya is a general term referring to the trim edging, while bebilla refers to the method of making it that uses a Mediterranean/Anatolian/Armenian/Turkish type of knot). In my opinion, Dickson has the best instructions of the three for making the knot and for making basic doilies, edges, etc. Her other book, "Knotted Lace in the Eastern Mediterranean Tradition", has some bebilla instruction.


This video actually shows how to make the stitches, but it does include some rows made with a crochet hook:    http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xb9wzh_yyne-oyasy-nasyl-yapylyr-1-fevziye_creation 

These 2 videos show how the stitches are made, how to wrap the thread around the needle, in such slow motion that it is really easy to follow what she is doing:



and anoather:  https://youtu.be/1QazKmtnjQA

And another:


Hatice's video. She makes corded knotted buttonhole stitches with 2 twists around the needle, for an edging. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GdVw7LINDmU  and    


Oya Needle Lace Guide,  A booklet by our member Berta Hesen-Minten, available from her website:  http://www.threadteds.com/prestashop/category.php?id_category=37

This video shows how to make an edging starting with the 1st row which is sewn onto the cloth.  You can see the hand and thread movements of how the stitches and triangle shapes are made.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=koSQVkDojkc 

This has a lot of instruction, in German and English:  http://oya.spitzenkiste.de/  At least 3 of our members recommend it.

Photos of finished projects, including tablecloths:


Brona has clear stitch diagrams on her blog:


Brona's diagrams of some of her edgings:




A set of videos on how to make this kind of lace. Might be a good resource.

https://www.aypoupen.com/5852/armenian-knotted-needle-lace-tutorials/ ;

http://www.youtube.com/user/lacenews/videos?sort=dd&flow=grid&view=1&page=1  for videos of all forms of handmade lace.

the Japanese Igne Oyalari is available from The Lacemaker (Ohio, USA) for US $35 (she also has the Tashjian and Kasparian books)



Discussion Forum

Greetings, and some questions. 13 Replies

Hi, fellow lacers!First post here. Greetings from the Crescent City! I'm primarily a tatter, but I've dabbled in some needle lace before.I'm especially interested in oya/bebilla and the "floral"…Continue

Started by Hollie Domiano. Last reply by Hollie Domiano Apr 12, 2018.

What weight thread do you suggest for jewelry? 1 Reply

I'm new to the group, and "forum challenged", what weight thread would work best for jewelry?  Right now I use oya to trim my dolls  - for that I use my fine bobbin thread lace threads.  Is silk the…Continue

Started by Diana Therriault. Last reply by Amy O'Malley Nov 11, 2015.

Armenian Needlelace makers in the Idaho/Utah area? 6 Replies

I am learning the Armenian Needlelace (janyak), using the Dickson, Kasparian, and Tashjian books.   I am half Armenian, and my mother's mother made exquisitely beautiful doilies and edgings.  My…Continue

Started by Kristine Baum. Last reply by Elizabeth Ligeti. Jan 18, 2013.

Using Armenian needlelace as a trim for clothing 4 Replies

I've had a small amount of experience doing Armenian needlelace, mostly just practice on the edges of ribbon, or handkerchiefs. I'd like to use it as an edging on a pair of cut off jeans. I've only…Continue

Started by Keddie Preston. Last reply by Loretta Holzberger Oct 9, 2012.

Comment Wall


You need to be a member of Oya-Bebilla-Turkish-Armenian-Mediterranean knotted needlelace to add comments!

Comment by Kathy Bishop on March 16, 2016 at 10:40pm
I'm beginning to teach myself to do Armenian Needlelace; I purchased thread from the gal on eBay that was recommended by someone in this group. I'm having trouble with my knots not staying; they keep slipping and coming apart. Is there a trick to this that I'm missing? Am I using the wrong kind of thread? Any suggestions would be appreciated.
Comment by Lorelei Halley on February 9, 2016 at 2:29pm

Hatice - Thanks for the information. And please add some more information about the books, as Liz asked. Particularly, do you think someone who doesn't read Turkish could learn from the books? Are there enough diagrams or photographs to explain how to do it? Are the books histories, or how to do it books?

Comment by Elizabeth Ligeti. on February 8, 2016 at 8:02pm

Please write up a brief review of what is in these 3 books, and put in in the Book Review Section, so we can all see what is available.  I can, mainly, only buy online, so need to know what the book is about before I try to find a seller.  Many others will be in the same situation.  


Comment by Hatice on February 8, 2016 at 12:36am

More books to be added for Turkish Oya:

Yörelerle Iğne Oyası Muğla Yöresi:  ISBN 978-605-5647-93-3 (iğne oyası by region, Muğla province) TUVA YAYINCILIK 2015-  Book is in Turkish with lots of photos and simple written instructions.

Açıklamalı Iğne Oyası Rehberi, Nallıhan Yöresi Motiflerı:  ISBN 978-605-5647-54-4 (Igne Oyasi Manual Nallihan province motifs.) TUVA YAYINCILIK 2015 (Turkish)

Kütahya Yöresi Igne Oyaları:  ISBN 978-605-5647-59-9 (Igne oya from Kutahya province.)  FIRDES DEMIR 2014 (Turkish)

Comment by Elizabeth Ligeti. on November 10, 2015 at 6:50pm

I have used Lizbeth #40 for the knotted lace - Oya and Bebilla, and it worked up very well.

Comment by Eve Hoffenkamp on November 10, 2015 at 4:44pm

I myself would use the polyester thread in about a size 50 or whatever size to get the results you want.  Cotton is good but not the pearl cottons as they are too soft to hold the form well.  Lizabeth thread in size 40 is recommended.  I use size 20 a lot for tatting but think that would be way too thick for oya.  A size 12 pearl cotton might work for you but the result would be a bit floppy you would have to stiffen it with starch.  The polyester thread I get from a vendor on ebay called Sunnymailbox who in in turkey and will make a listing for you of whatever you like.  She also usually includes a wee extra thing like a bead or bookmark, or postcard.

Comment by Diana Therriault on November 10, 2015 at 1:53pm

I am new to the group.  I use oya right now as lace for my dolls, but I would like to start making jewelry.  Because I've been making small dolls, I've been using my fine bobbin lace threads for the trim.  Please, what would thread would you recommend for jewelry.

Comment by Diana Therriault on November 5, 2015 at 10:52am
I do have a question. I would like to make oya for jewelry. What fiber should I use for that?
Comment by Diana Therriault on November 5, 2015 at 10:50am
Hello, I've just joined this group. I have pretty much blown up Pinterest with pinning oya. There are good videos out there, particularly if you know the basic stitch, and the method of work. I recommend just searching for oya on Pinterest and then follow the links. If you find a picture you like pin it and then look under that picture for related/similar links. You'll get used to Google Translate - which can be really strange with how it translates things. Also try searching YouTube.
Comment by Eve Hoffenkamp on November 5, 2015 at 7:36am

You can also use polyester threads in about a size 50.  I ordered a good supply of them from Turkey.  Most of the examples of oya online from turkey are done in this thread.  Ozen-Is 100% polyester, oya dentel and Nakis Iplikleri.  That is from the label and I am not sure on the spellings as I do not have appropriate letters for some of them so I do closest looking.  Sunnymailbox is the name of the ebay supplier and she has lots of stuff.  I got the big book written in Turkish and English Oya through the ages, she also sent samples of turkish oya. 


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